Abstract: One of the defining properties of presuppositions is that they are inferences that survive when a sentence is embedded under negation. For example, “John will bring his wetsuit” and “John won’t bring his wetsuit” both presuppose that John has a wetsuit. Karttunen (1973) thus characterized negation as a “hole” for presuppositions: it lets through the presuppositions of its embedded constituent.
However, it has long been noted that presuppositions of negative sentences sometimes vanish. For example, the following sentence has no presupposition at all: “John won’t bring his wetsuit…he doesn’t even have a wetsuit!” To deal with vanishing presuppositions it has been common to assume the existence of mechanisms that can “cancel” a sentence’s presuppositions (e.g., Heim’s 1983 “local accommodation,” or Beaver and Kraemer’s 2001 “floating-A operator).
In this talk I argue that cancellation mechanisms are conceptually and empirically problematic; a theory of presupposition would do better without them. To meet this challenge I propose a revised theory of presupposition projection under which negation is *not* a hole for presuppositions; instead, it is a “plug” that doesn’t let presuppositions through. Following Schlenker (2008), the projection system employs a bivalent semantics as well as reasoning over continuations of a sentence in incremental processing, but unlike Schlenker it derives presuppositions only from the assumption that the sentence has a true continuation. I will argue that the apparent hole-like behaviour of negation and other operators follows from independent considerations (the “proviso-problem”, Geurts 1996).
The Concordia Linguistics Students Association (LSA) and the Concordia Centre for Cognitive Science will host Dr. Mabel Chong (PhD McGill, 2009) for an introductory-level discussion of the neuroscience aspects of Poeppel’s (2012) paper on the “the relation between the primitives of cognition [language,speech,vision, etc.] and neurobiology” at 1:30 PM on October 3 in H527. Undergraduates in all fields (psychology, linguistics, biology, philosophy etc.) are particularly encouraged to attend<< hyperlink to paper below.
The maps problem and the mapping problem: Two challenges for a cognitive neuroscience of speech and language
This talk may be of interest to some of you:
Friday, October 3rd 2014, 10:00 am
Identifying the pieces, processes, and brain bases of complex word recognition
320, rue Sainte-Catherine Est
2e étage, salle DS-2505
We hope you enjoyed our first colloquium! Here is a hyperlink to the slides for Professor Casadio’s presentation: Casadio Montreal 19:09:14
Anagnostopoulou (2003) argues in her seminal paper “Participles and Voice” that the properties of Modern Greek and German participles are determined by different levels of incorporation of functional structure: in target state participles, the nominalizer attaches directly to the root and does not include the functional projection Voice, while in result state participles, it does include VoiceP. Building on this insight and subsequent work (e.g., Alexiadou & Anagnostopoulou 2008), I argue that this approach to the architecture of participles makes interesting predictions with respect to voice mismatches (“deponency”). We expect that voice mismatches are preserved in nominalizations that include VoiceP, but disappear in nominalizations that do not include VoiceP. I argue that the syntax of deponent participles in Hittite, Vedic Sanskrit, Ancient & Modern Greek and Latin confirms this prediction and makes it possible to pinpoint exactly where and why voice mismatches occur.
Nous cherchons des adultes sans trouble de langage pour un projet visant à développer un outil de recherche pour le langage.
Vous pourriez participer au projet si
- le français n’est pas votre langue maternelle,
- vous êtes âgé de 18 à 40 ans,
- vous habitez au Québec depuis 5 ans ou moins et
- vous n’avez pas plus de 7 ans d’exposition au français,
Le but de ce projet est d’étudier les processus mentaux impliqués dans le développement de la conjugaison des verbes en français. Pour réaliser ce projet, nous utilisons un jeu conçu pour tablettes Android. Celui-ci nous aide à comprendre les processus impliqués dans la conjugaison des verbes en français.
Avec votre participation au projet, vous courez la chance de gagner un montant de 100$. Le tirage au sort aura lieu à la fin du projet, le 3 fevrier 2015. Le gagnant sera avisé par téléphone. Si vous êtes intéressé(e) à participer à cette recherche ou pour avoir plus de renseignements, contactez Alexandra au: email@example.com ou au 514-343-6111 ext 36544
Alexandra Marquis (Ph.D)
École d’orthophonie et d’audiologie, Université de Montréal
(messages can be sent in French or English)
We are proud to present our final speaker of the semester, our very own Professor Todd Clary. These are the details of his talk:
Title: The Watery Ways: the Etymology of Greek κέλευθος
Time: POSTPONED UNTIL Thursday, April 17th, 16h15
Place: Concordia Hall Building (1455 de Maisonneuve W.), room H661.2.
Abstract: Watery Ways abstract
There will also be the end of semester wine and cheese, which is a great chance to mingle and network with professors and fellow students.
Place: Cafe Andalucia, 2nd floor
Address: 1424 Bishop Street. Nearest cross-street is Ste-Catherine.
Time: April 11th, 18h30,
We’ve received an email from Piero Fioralisso, Coordinator of Special Programs of the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, announcing the launch of the Field School Program in Peru 2014. This program, created and developed by PUCP, provides students with the opportunity to carry out practical work in research projects which are directed by some of our most prestigious faculty members and during its ten years of existence the Field School program has received more than 300 students.
This season the program is offering courses that may be of interest to you:
-Linguistic Summer Field School
-Spanish Language and Peruvian Studies Program
You will find more information about these courses and the complete Field School Program offer in the following links:
-Field School Program Brochure:
-Spanish Language Brochure: http://issuu.com/fieldschoolpucp/docs/pucp_brochure_spanish_course_web